Wednesday, May 6, 2020

The Heroes From Each Narrative - 1590 Words

Both of the heroes from each narrative face a certain goal to accomplish yet struggle in life at first in their own personal ways. For instance, in Tomorrowland Casey Newton, playing the role as the main character in the story and also playing the hero figure faces the challenge of reaching another dimension called Tomorrowland and also faces living with her father who is struggling with the fact that he might lose his job. And in the film Meet the Robinsons Lewis the main character and the films hero as well struggles to find a family that will love and care for him deeply. He also ponders the reason why his family had abandoned him. Each hero from both narratives struggle in life in their own personal ways. As stated in the narrative†¦show more content†¦I have no future. No one wants me. Mildred- That s not true, Lewis! Lewis- My own mother didn t even want me. Mildred- Now, stop it. You do not know that. Lewis- Then why d she give me up?† Meet the Robinsons. Dir. Stephen J. Anderson. Perf. Daniel Hansen, Wesley Singerman, and Angela Bassett. Walt Disney Animation Studios, 2007. DVD. This quote signifies that Lewis struggles in life to find a family and has no hope that he will ever get adopted. It is clear that both heroes share the similarity of showing struggle in life and foreshadow the idea of going on a mission. Though both Lewis and Cassey face hardships in life they are determined to resolve their problems by taking on a mission. In Meet the Robinsons Lewis gets the idea that if his mother did not want him as an infant than she would surely want him now as he has matured. As stated from the film â€Å"Mildred-She may not have been able to take care of you. Did you ever think of that? I am sure that she was only thinking about what was best for you. Lewis- I never thought of it that way. Mildred-Maybe she wanted to keep you, but she had no choice. Lewis-You re right. My real mom is the only person who s ever wanted me. Mildred-Wait. I said maybe. Lewis-And if she wanted me then, she ll want me now. Mildred- What are you talking about? Lewis-I have to find her, Mildred, and when I do, she ll take me back, and we ll be a family again! Mildred-Whoa,Show MoreRelatedAnalysis of Disney Films Essay examples985 Words   |  4 Pagesbelieved that all narratives are made up of opposites he called these opposites binary opposites. 101 Dalmatians ============== The initial impression the audience have of Pongo and Roger is that they are heroes. Even before we see Pongo and Roger we know they are good characters, we first hear the happy, joyful music that Roger is playing, so a diegetic sound can be heard The weather outside is sunny and light and its day time (heroes are often seen in theRead MoreAnalysis Of The Wind Rises And Showa 1660 Words   |  7 PagesTamio Guild Professor Seraphim Asia Pacific War Humanness in Wind Rises and Showa --- fix title Manga and Anime, that found brilliance at the dawn of the digital age, have now moved on from the realm of popular culture to playing a powerful role in shaping the transnational memory of Japan in the twentieth century. Two wonderful examples of the role these two mediums now play in shaping our collective and transnational memories of WWII are the semi-autobiographical manga work, Showa by MizukiRead MoreThe Epic Of Epic : An Epic1126 Words   |  5 Pages titles, terms, etc. Complete sentences are not necessary. When appropriate, include examples. 4 points each. Epic: An epic is a form of narrative that revolves heavily around the idea of a hero becoming changed by his journey. They include long narratives by important characters, as well as create the idea that the events in the story actually happened or were a part of history. Epic heroes are considered as better than the average person and usually embark on a quest that changes them for theRead MoreThe Marvel Of The Movie Watchmen 1316 Words   |  6 Pageswho is transformed into a being capable of a number of otherworldly abilities. However, the other five heroes in the story are regular humans who take the initiative to aid in the protection of society. This is unlike most superheroes in previous comics, who are often blessed with a divine power that allows them to conquer all evil. Additionally, referring to the society in which Moore’s heroes are immersed in, it is situated in a location known to its readers, with a certain twist. While SupermanRead MoreEssay about Heroes and Heroism in Anita Desais Clear Light of Day 1299 Words   |  6 PagesHeroes and Heroism in Anita Desais Clear Light of Day      Ã‚  Ã‚   When one asks a child, What do you want to be when you grow up? a usual response is a fireman or a ballerina.   In Anita Desais Clear Light of Day, however, the young Bim and Raja are somewhat more ambitious; they answer that they want to be a hero and heroine.   Later, Bim asks somewhat bitterly, The hero and heroine-where are they?   Down at the bottom of the well-gone, disappeared (157).   Bim has lost track of her heroes;Read MoreAnalysis Of Byrons Poem1306 Words   |  6 Pagessituations, usually due to a romantic interest. The poem seems to share more similarities with the epic tradition than Wordsworth’s. Don Juan’s titular character, like many heroes in other epics, pre-existed the Byron poems. The story is vast in scale; it follows Don Juan’s adventures in love and travel. Juan’s adventures pull him from situation to situation across the globe. Juan gets into shipwrecks, mixed up in harems while presenting as a woman and invo lved in wars. Still, Byron’s Don Juan does moreRead MoreEssay On Narrative Poetry1730 Words   |  7 PagesMi’esha Straughn 21 March 2017 Honors English 5th period The Depths of Narrative Poetry Poetry is a form of art that uses languages for its aesthetic qualities and its notional and semantic content. Poetry can consist of oral or literary works in which the language is used in a manner that is felt by the reader to differ from ordinary prose. Poems are constantly relied on for their effect on imagery, word association, and repetition. The use of these effects to generate feelings and emotions isRead MoreSimilarities Between Paradise Lost And Paradise Lost1239 Words   |  5 Pagesepics of antiquity. The epics are Paradise Lost, Aeneid, The Epic Gilgamesh, and The Iliad. The most obvious difference is era. Paradise Lost is an epic poem from the 17th century and is written in blank verse which is the most modern phrasing method. According to an article on Enotes, out of the other three epics, the Iliad and Aeneid came from the same dactyllic family. (â€Å"Compare Miltons Paradise Lost†). Meanwhile The Epic Gilgamesh is more old-fashioned in its verse Between the four books thereRead MoreMemories Of The Past Has Influenced American History1526 Words   |  7 PagesMemories of the past has influenced many of the early traditional historians in creating their ideas of early Texas History. Personal narratives passed on to historians became the foundation for many of the early writers in developing an early identity for the state. Unfortunately, many of the early histories supported and primarily Anglo culture and a Top-Down approach to history. Most of the early history was written relative to the Anglo viewpoint and biased opinions. Fortunately, many underrepresentedRead MoreSzu Hua Wu. Bonnie And Clyde- The New Style Narrative And1671 Words   |  7 PagesSzu Hua Wu Bonnie and Clyde- The New style narrative and the originate of the New Hollywood era In the late 1960s and 1970s, a turning point of the American cinema had begun. Young directors started thinking a new style of film which differed from the past of the Hollywood films. At the time where the Vietnam War was happening, depressions and rebellions spread over the country. The young directors suddenly got inspired from the trend, they would be making films for the counterculture audience.

Tuesday, May 5, 2020

Organizational Behaviour for Business Scenario †Free Sample

Question: Discuss about theOrganizational Behaviour for Business Scenario. Answer: Introduction In the current challenging business scenario, organizations are facing difficulties in running business its operations in an effective manner. Developing bridge between internal and external confines and maintaining relations with stakeholders are very complex task for the managers (Bar and, 2015). The current essay focuses on challenging environment and management development. Regarding this, study will critically analyse a research article which is based on precarious challenges which are faced by chief executives of New Zealand. Essay will conduct critical evaluation on the basis of some specific aspects such as strength and weakness of the selected article and personal view point on thesis statement with appropriate justifications. Main Body Analysis of the thesis statement has identified that major focus of the study was determination of the challenges which are faced by organizations and major reasons behind these issues (Horner and Swarbrooke, 2016). Along with this, determining the fundamental management skills for managing these challenges were considered as the major objective of this article. Critical analysis of the study includes strength and weakness of the selected research. As per the exploration of this article, it can be said that research article has used a very systematic process for conducting investigation which comprised of problem identification, literature review, and methodology as well as data analysis. This process is considered as the major strength of this project which has helped in getting answers of the research question (Hutchion and Boxall, 2014). Literature review has assisted in getting insights about different challenges for business organizations and required skills for managing these challenges. Including this, getting primary facts using survey methodology is also included in the strength of this research because it has provided new and fresh information about basic challenges faced by private, public and non-profit organizations of New Zealand. Moreover, consideration of different sectors and organizations of every industry have also strengt hened the significance of the research for every industry of New Zealand. Along with this, author has used both qualitative and quantitative methods for analysing collected data, such as thematic analysis and frequency distribution respectively. It has helped in conducting an in-depth analysis of the research (Rupp and, 2015). In contrast, article has not included any statistical test for examining data which is the major weakness of this study. Author could use hypothesis testing, descriptive statistics and cross tabulation for comparing viewpoints of the chief executives of all three sectors; public, private and non-profit (Kpers, 2016). Similarly, critical analysis of the article has shown that before conducting primary research author has not analysed skills of chief executives which can create question mark on reliability and validity of the collected data. In contrary, article has approached 1000 chief executives for conducting survey and got 27% response which is align with the standards and it is also considered as the strong point of this investigation. On the other hand, article has collected data from a single chief executive from a single organization, but for obtaining data about full picture of the organization, author needs to get more than one opinion (Garden, 2015). Including this, time pr essure and survey frequency have been considered as limitations of the research but regular follow up and reminders of author have helped in overcoming all these limitations. On the other hand, a structured questionnaire including open and close ended question is also a strong point of the investigation which have augmented the reliability and validity of the information (Young and, 2015). Findings of the critical analysis have reflected that researcher has resolved the research problem in an effective manner. According to results, qualitative or thematic analysis have concluded that environmental changes, emerging technology, changes in needs and requirements of customers and low purchasing power of buyers are major market risks or challenges for the private sector. Analyzing the current market situation, I also agree with this statement that new entrant, innovation in technologies and customers preferences lead changes in the existing business operations in a negative manner which may decline profitability of the company (Rubin, 2016). But, as per my personal view point, competitive business scenario and globalization are also important challenges for these organizations of New Zealand. Along with this, findings about the public sector and non-profit organizations have disclosed that fund raising and changes in the economic climate are most critical issues at the time of operating business. I also agreed with this result because these types of companies focus on the welfare of people rather than generating profitability. So, it is difficult to get loan from bank and financial institutes thus the government grants and donations are the major sources of finance for raising funds, so it is difficult to obtain money from appropriate sources (Geppert, Matten and Williams, 2016). Including this, the current research explored that talent management and employee retention are also major challenges for organizations of this sector. Due to high number of international opportunities, companies are facing issues in managing people and other internal resources. As per my personal opinion, it may be possible that these companies are witnessing such kinds of challenges but these p roblems can be easily managed by providing different motivational factors such as appropriate allocation of resources, training and development, non-monetary rewards, effective relationship with stakeholder, etc. Therefore, I believe that challenges associated with the employee turnover and human resource management can be easily resolved by the organizations of New Zealand (Cornwall and, 2015). According to analysis of results, article has explored three major management capabilities which are important for New Zealand. These are basically managing uncertainty and renewal, developing association with partners and stakeholders as well as managing internal and human resources. I completely agree with the statement because I thought that these capabilities are required for managing contemporary challenges of organizations of New Zealand (Geppert, Matten and Williams, 2016). In contrast, I believe that strategic planning and high research and development can help in managing uncertainty and renewal of business models of organization of New Zealand. Including this, Rupp and, 2015 has stated that favorable and sustainable corporate responsibilities play an important role in maintaining strong relationship with stakeholders (Rupp and, 2015). According to this statement, I also want to say that chief executives should pay attention towards the CSR policies of organizati ons. My own key points of this research include that new technologies, economic fluctuation, changes in environment, poor relationship with stakeholders and obtaining funds are major challenges for chief executive of organizations of New Zealand. These are the major issues because these can lead to increment in the total cost due to changes in the business operations which may decline the overall performance of the firm (Cornwall and, 2015). I also want to say that for effective management, development and improving managerial skills, chief executive should make appropriate arrangement of training and development, motivation and communication among employees of the organizations. These will help in developing effective relations with stakeholders. In addition, appropriate reporting of financial performance in front of government can also aid in getting funds from government grants which may reduce the issues associated with fundraising (Kumar, 2014). Conclusion After conducting critical analysis of the selected article, the current essay has concluded that author has easily identified major challenges which are creating problems for private, public and non-profit organizations of New-Zealand. I also believe that author has explored reliable and valid result because article was based on a systemic investigation process which have sued appropriate test for checking reliability and validity of data. Therefore, study has made a meaningful conclusion as per the objective. Including this, article has also suggested political, interpersonal and other management skills will be effective for handling and managing these issues. After conducting critical analysis, I also agree with the findings and results of the selected article and I think, this article has increased the scope of future research on similar subjects also. References Books and Journals Bar, A. K. and, 2015. Single-ion magnet behaviour of heptacoordinated Fe (II) complexes: on the importance of supramolecular organization.Chemical Communications,51(17), pp.3616-3619. Cornwall, J. and, 2015. Can a short intensive course affect entrepreneurial ability, knowledge and intent, or further entrepreneurial study? An assessment of the SEED programme, Dunedin, New Zealand.Industry and Higher Education,29(5), pp.397-404. Geppert, M., Matten, D. and Williams, K., 2016.Challenges for European management in a global context: Experiences from Britain and Germany. Sprin. Horner, S. and Swarbrooke, J., 2016.Consumer behaviour in tourism. Routledge. Hutchion, A. and Boxall, P., 2014. The critical challenges facing New Zealands chief executives: implications for management skills. Asia Pacific Journal of Human Resources, 52, pp.2341. Kumar, R., 2014. Research Methodology: A Step-by-Step Guide for Beginners. SAGE. Kpers, W., 2016.A handbook of practical wisdom: Leadership, organization and integral business practice. Routledge. Rupp, D.E. and, 2015. Organizational justice, behavioral ethics, and corporate social responsibility: Finally the three shall merge.Management and Organization Review,11(01), pp.15-24. Young, W. and, 2015. Changing behaviour: successful environmental programmes in the workplace.Business Strategy and the Environment, 24(8), pp.689-703. Online Garden, C., 2015. Human Resources Management in New Zealand. [Online]. Available through: [Accessed on 18th September 2016]. Rubin, C. M., 2016. The Global Search for Education: How Well Do You Know the United Nations? [Online]. Available through: [Accessed on 18th September 2016].

Saturday, April 18, 2020

The Issue Of Authority And Res Essay Example For Students

The Issue Of Authority And Res Essay The issue of authority and respect has been and will be an ongoing issue between youngsters and their elderly. In the story Red Dress by Alice Munro and the movie Rebel without a Cause by Nicholas Ray the issue of authority and respect comes up many times through the character actions. Authority and respect is directly linked to one another. It is very hard to obey supremacy if you have no respect for authority. In both the works we have studied, all the characters have trouble dealing with the issues of authority and respect for themselves and for others, they do not show respect to their parents and therefore does not look upon them as authority figures. We will write a custom essay on The Issue Of Authority And Res specifically for you for only $16.38 $13.9/page Order now In Alice Munros the Red Dress, the narrator and her best friend Lonnie have two totally different relationships with their respective guardians. The narrator, without the mention of her father, is in care of her mother, whom she thinks butts in too much into her business. She sort of resents her mother for being so too close and nosy about her private life. Her mothers stories, which at one point seemed interesting to her, is now become melodramatic, irrelevant, and tiresome. She knows that her mother only means well but sometimes she wishes she could be like Lonnie. Lonnie is in care of her father; her mother had passed away some time before. Her father never notices her and does not show his affection for her, she is pretty much on her own. The narrator considers her as a Blue-Baby and privileged. The narrator also sees her mother as shameless and obscene; she tries to direct her friends attention away from her mother as much as possible. In the story, we are told by the narrator t hat she was never comfortable for a minute in high school and was close to despair at all times. She hated being called upon to do anything in front of an audience, whether it is the class or just the teacher. She reveals that she hasnt accepted herself as who she is, always wishing to be like someone else, she hasnt learned to respect herself as a growing teenager which makes it hard for her to understand the relationship between her mother and herself. Since she lacks the proper understanding and respect for her mother and herself, the narrator has trouble seeing her mother as an authoritative figure, which makes her less tolerant to the other authoritative figures in her surroundings. In the case of Rebel without a Cause, the main characters want to respect their parents. They want to have normal relationships with them but cannot seize it. They go out to look for it elsewhere instead. Which makes the audience feel sympathizing towards them. They are identity-seeking teenagers al ienated from the world by their parents. Jim, Judy and John a.k.a. Plato is searching for understanding, companionship, and a sense of belonging. Jim is confused about his family as to who should be the man of the household. He sees his father as a chicken and he does not in anyway want to become like him. He wishes he could see his father as a man, someone he can respect and someone with authority. Judy has communication problems with her parents throughout the movie. She wishes for her father to show more affection for her. She seeks attention with her friends who are seen as trouble making teens. Plato has been deserted by his parents long ago and struggles to maintain any kind of relationship with anybody. His actions, the shooting of the puppies, the constant lying to establish any interest of his companions, show how emotionally-disturbed and desperate he is for any kind of relationship with anyone. He searches for connection, someone to become his family. Close to the end of the movie, Jim, Judy and Plato meet up in an abandoned mansion and pretend to be a family. They learn to respect and accept each other for who they are they dont pretend to be anyone else. They find comfort within themselves and in a way, becomes each others family. .u3171b6e6c8d0e066d13a86a703af0035 , .u3171b6e6c8d0e066d13a86a703af0035 .postImageUrl , .u3171b6e6c8d0e066d13a86a703af0035 .centered-text-area { min-height: 80px; position: relative; } .u3171b6e6c8d0e066d13a86a703af0035 , .u3171b6e6c8d0e066d13a86a703af0035:hover , .u3171b6e6c8d0e066d13a86a703af0035:visited , .u3171b6e6c8d0e066d13a86a703af0035:active { border:0!important; } .u3171b6e6c8d0e066d13a86a703af0035 .clearfix:after { content: ""; display: table; clear: both; } .u3171b6e6c8d0e066d13a86a703af0035 { display: block; transition: background-color 250ms; webkit-transition: background-color 250ms; width: 100%; opacity: 1; transition: opacity 250ms; webkit-transition: opacity 250ms; background-color: #95A5A6; } .u3171b6e6c8d0e066d13a86a703af0035:active , .u3171b6e6c8d0e066d13a86a703af0035:hover { opacity: 1; transition: opacity 250ms; webkit-transition: opacity 250ms; background-color: #2C3E50; } .u3171b6e6c8d0e066d13a86a703af0035 .centered-text-area { width: 100%; position: relative ; } .u3171b6e6c8d0e066d13a86a703af0035 .ctaText { border-bottom: 0 solid #fff; color: #2980B9; font-size: 16px; font-weight: bold; margin: 0; padding: 0; text-decoration: underline; } .u3171b6e6c8d0e066d13a86a703af0035 .postTitle { color: #FFFFFF; font-size: 16px; font-weight: 600; margin: 0; padding: 0; width: 100%; } .u3171b6e6c8d0e066d13a86a703af0035 .ctaButton { background-color: #7F8C8D!important; color: #2980B9; border: none; border-radius: 3px; box-shadow: none; font-size: 14px; font-weight: bold; line-height: 26px; moz-border-radius: 3px; text-align: center; text-decoration: none; text-shadow: none; width: 80px; min-height: 80px; background: url(; position: absolute; right: 0; top: 0; } .u3171b6e6c8d0e066d13a86a703af0035:hover .ctaButton { background-color: #34495E!important; } .u3171b6e6c8d0e066d13a86a703af0035 .centered-text { display: table; height: 80px; padding-left : 18px; top: 0; } .u3171b6e6c8d0e066d13a86a703af0035 .u3171b6e6c8d0e066d13a86a703af0035-content { display: table-cell; margin: 0; padding: 0; padding-right: 108px; position: relative; vertical-align: middle; width: 100%; } .u3171b6e6c8d0e066d13a86a703af0035:after { content: ""; display: block; clear: both; } READ: Study On Children With Abdominal Pain And Its Relationship To Mental I EssayAuthority and respect is indeed linked to each other. Before finding respect

Saturday, March 14, 2020

Scientific Hypothesis Examples

Scientific Hypothesis Examples A hypothesis represents an educated guess about what you think will happen, based on your observations. Before experimenting, you propose a hypothesis so that you can determine whether your prediction is supported. There are several ways you can state a hypothesis. The best hypothesis is one you can test and easily refute. Why would you want to disprove or discard your hypothesis? Its because this is the easiest way to demonstrate two factors are related. What are some examples of a hypothesis? Hypothesis Examples Hypothesis: All forks have three tines.Disproven if you find any fork with a different number of tines.Hypothesis: There is no relationship between smoking and lung cancer.While it is difficult to establish cause and effect in health issues, you can apply statistics to data to discredit this hypothesis or to support it, if the rates of lung cancer are the same between smokers and non-smokers.Hypothesis: Plants require liquid water to survive.Disproven if you find a plant that doesnt need it.Hypothesis: Cats do not show a paw preference (cat equivalent to being right- or left-handed).You could gather data about the number of times cats bat at a toy with either paw and analyze the data to determine whether cats, on the whole, favor one paw over the other. Be careful here, because individual cats, like people, might (or might not) express a preference.Hypothesis: If plants are watered with a 10% detergent solution, their growth will be negatively affected.Some people prefer to state a h ypothesis in an If, then format. An alternate hypothesis might be: Plant growth will be unaffected by water with a 10% detergent solution. What hypothesis would you use? Youre welcome to post a reply offering additional hypothesis examples or discussing the type of hypothesis you prefer to formulate and test.

Thursday, February 27, 2020

Anlysis of the Nike Company Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 750 words

Anlysis of the Nike Company - Essay Example 14). Economic factors that affect the industry are general economic conditions, anti-dumping duties, restrictions on the transfer of currency, the annual renewal of NTR with Vietnam, availability of import quotas and currency exchange rate fluctuations (NIKE, Inc. 13-14). On the sociological front, athletic footwear and apparel are consumer products and the relative popularity of various sports and fitness activities and changing design trends affect the demand for such products (NIKE, Inc. 11). On the technological front, although design and aesthetics appear to be the most important factor for consumer acceptance of athletic footwear, apparel, and equipment, technical innovation in the design of such products to reduce injury, enhance athletic performance and maximize comfort is also essential to commercial success. Research and development plays a key role in technical innovation (NIKE, Inc. 12). Lastly, factors in the legal and ecological environment that could affect the athleti c footwear, apparel, and equipment industry are non-compliance of environmental, health and safety standards or applicable local law by contractors. This could harm the organization's reputation and have an adverse effect on sales (NIKE, Inc. 12). To the athletic footwear, apparel, and equipment industry, trademark is perhaps the important aspect in the legal environment. Having distinctive marks that are readily identifiable is an important factor in creating a market for goods, in identifying the firm, in distinguishing a firm's goods from those of others, in building a brand, and in a firm's competitive position (NIKE, Inc. 13-14). The intensity of competition is high. The athletic footwear, apparel and equipment industry is keenly competitive in the United States and on a worldwide basis. International players comprise of athletic and leisure shoe companies, athletic and leisure apparel companies, sports equipment companies, and large companies having diversified lines of athletic and leisure shoes, apparel and equipment (NIKE, Inc. 7). Competition also exists for the production capacity of independent manufacturers and for import quota capacity. The industry's product offerings, technologies, marketing expenditures (including advertising and endorsements), pricing, costs of production, and customer service are aspects of intense competition (NIKE, Inc. 11). The bargaining power of suppliers is medium. Suppliers mainly include contract manufacturers and professional athletes and sports teams and leagues to evaluate and promote the products of a firm, and to establish the authenticity of a firm's products wit h consumers (NIKE, Inc. 12). The bargaining power of professional athletes and sports teams and leagues is high. The endorsements of professional athletes and sports teams and leagues such as Tigerwoods, Ronaldo and Michael Jordan (Nike, Inc. online) is important to the marketing and branding of a firm's products. The high bargaining power of professional athletics and sports teams and leagues is mitigated by the low bargaining power of contract manufacturers. Compared to the athletic footwear and apparel industry dominated by a few large organizations such as Nike and Reebok1, there are hundreds of contract manufacturers (NIKE, Inc. 12; Rankine and Ferris 4-5). Besides, the shoes and apparel produced by contract manufacturers are commodities. It is the brand name of the organization that designs, markets, and sells the products that makes the product

Monday, February 10, 2020

Research paper Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1000 words - 5

Research paper - Essay Example The banjo can have four or five strings and is made from a gourd, used as the sound box, covered with hide or plastic. The instrument developed from African instruments (banjar, bandora, banza) that were introduced by slaves (Banjo). The banjo’s predecessor was played in seventh century Africa (Mazbrow). In the seventeenth century, the instrument consisted of a long pole and attached gourd with three or four strings, made from horsehair, catgut, or hemp plant. At first it was played by West African wandering musicians, but by the eighteenth century was played by slave musicians in the West Indies. Knocking and beating was the style used. Notes began to slide and bend once tuning pegs and a flat board for fingering was added (Banjo). This â€Å"banjar† instrument was played in Maryland and Virginia from the mid-eighteenth century. It had a skin head, pegs, and a short thumb string. In Africa, the banjar was played with the talking drums but, in response to a slave uprisi ng in South Carolina, drums and horns became illegal, and the traditional way of playing was adapted to banjar solos (Banjo). The combination of banjo and fiddle, at the core of Appalachian music, was played exclusively by black musicians for about 100 years, before white musicians adopted it (Mazbrow). Just as spirituals were used to communicate escape plans, black banjo songs communicated subversive methods to survive slavery. Many of these songs used cunning animals, like foxes and snakes, to camouflage their message (Banjo). Black banjar music began to have a strong influence on the fiddle playing of Appalachian immigrants from Scotland and Ireland. Soon, white Appalachian musicians were playing the instrument in the same thumping style as the black Appalachian musicians. For some time, white banjo players depended on black banjo players, not only for rhythm and style, but even for acquiring a banjo in the first place (C. Conway 146). Mutual interest and instrument design collab oration soon modified the banjar, replacing the gourd with a wooden rim and open back. Sweeney, an Irish American added a fourth melody string, and the short drone thumb string was kept, so now the banjo had five strings (Banjo). Although African-American Appalachian musicians played the banjo throughout the nineteenth century, white Appalachian musicians dominated the emerging radio and recording technology (Banjo). The first white banjo player to achieve fame for his music, Joel Walker Sweeney, learned how to play the banjo from a neighboring plantation slave, and mid-nineteenth century white banjo players usually performed in black-face (Mazbrow). It was white performers whom people connected to hillbilly music, even though white banjo players had adopted a black musical tradition (Mazbrow). In fact, there has always been a lot of white pride in fiddle and banjo music, by those whose tradition came from Appalachian ancestors, and would never conceive of any black African American contribution to their musical heritage (Mazbrow). Appalachian fiddle and banjo music is popularly thought to be Irish and Scottish, but is syncopated and polyrhythmic, showing African history (Mazbrow). Polyrythm is alien to European music and central to African (Mazbrow). The typical way of strumming the banjo is to brush down with the backs of the fingernails while the thumb plucks the

Thursday, January 30, 2020

Portraying the Carpe diem Theme through Poetry Essay Example for Free

Portraying the Carpe diem Theme through Poetry Essay The two poems, Robert Herrick’s To The Virgins, To Make Much of Time and Andrew Marvell’s To His Coy Mistress, both employ the â€Å"carpe diem† (seize the day) theme. Using both stock and original imageries, they effectively send the message across the reader that Time runs and keeps running so that one should enjoy the pleasures of love and romance while in one’s youth. However, the manners in which the two poets express this theme differ from each other. The tone, metaphors and other poetic devices present in the two poems convey varied effects to the mind of the readers as to how the carpe diem theme should be considered. Herrick’s poem is the simpler and more urgent of the two. Throughout the 16 lines comprising the piece, Herrick consistently paints through his metaphors the image of impending death and loss thus creating the sense of urgency in favor of his cause, which is for the virgins, to whom he is addressing the poem, to get married while they are young. The images of â€Å"Old Time†¦a-flying (line 2) followed by a â€Å"flower (that) smiles today/ Tomorrow will be dying (lines 3-4)† both allude to the temporariness of beauty and youth. In contrast, To His Coy Mistress is a more complex way of expounding the theme. While Marvell also exhorts the woman, by whom the poem is being addressed to, to hurry and seize the available opportunities while she is still young, there is a tone of hopefulness and optimism accompanying the sense of urgency. The poet begins by presenting hyperboles as to how he would like his love to be—growing through time, from â€Å"ten years before the Flood†¦Till the conversion of the Jews (lines 8 and 10). He would like to leisurely enjoy the romantic experience, spending â€Å"An hundred years†¦to praise/ Thine eyes†¦Two hundred to adore each breast,/ But thirty thousand to the rest (lines 13-16). † He states that the reason for this is that his lover â€Å"deserve this state/ Nor would I love at lower rate (lines 19-20). † Only in the second stanza does Marvell present the carpe diem case by presenting a similar personification of Time present in Herrick’s poem. In Marvell’s Time rides a â€Å"winged chariot hurrying near (line 22). † He follows this with frightening imageries of death such as how, if the woman keeps resisting, in the end â€Å"worms shall try/ That long preserved virginity (lines 27-28). † This sudden shift from beautiful romantic metaphors in the first stanza to the images of death in the second stanza actually makes the theme more effective and urgent to the reader. The shock element of death makes the young reader consider the theme and really hurry to enjoy love’s pleasures while it is too late. Finally, while Herrick’s poem suggests that life and love is only worth it â€Å"when youth and blood are warmer/ But being spent, the worse (lines 10-11)†, suggesting that everything is downhill after youth, Marvell thinks that love is a consolation for humans against the ravages of Time. The final lines, â€Å"Though we cannot make our sun/ Stand still, yet we will make him run (lines 45-46)†, suggest that although death is inevitable, loving is a way by which we can forget thinking about old age and death. Carpe diem poems all seek to send the same message to the reader: to grab the opportunities present in youth for once these are gone, they can never be reclaimed nor repeated. Herrick and Marvell both wrote poems to illustrate this point using varied metaphors like the personification of Time rushing by, the rising and dying of the Sun and other temporal objects like flowers and birds. Herrick’s poem is the classic carpe diem poem, urging the reader to enjoy youth and make much of it because everything is temporary, while Marvell incorporates an additional point about how seizing love during one’s youth is a way to distract one from thinking about how temporary youth is in one’s life.